Differences between Work Permits through TP and Residency

The different points of the work permits granted through temporary protection (Kimlik ) and through residence permit ( ikamet )

Main pointsWork Permit through Residence (Ikamet)Work permit granted through Temporary Protection (Kimlik)
Source of Law
  • The Law on Work Permits For Foreigners (No: 4817)
  • Law on international Work Force ( No:6735 )
    • The Law on Work Permits For Foreigners (No: 4817)
    • Article 91 of the Law on Foreigners and International Protection (No: 6458)
    • Law on International Work Force ( No: 6735)
    • Temporary Protection Regulation
    Eligible BeneficiariesAll foreigners, regardless of their country of origin, who have been granted a residence permit are eligible for a work. In Turkey, there are no specifications on country of origin on eligibility for a residence permit.People who have been granted Temporary Protection. Currently, Temporary Protection is available to “citizens of the Syrian Arab Republic, stateless persons and refugees...coming from Syrian Arab Republic...due to events that have taken place in Syrian Arab Republic since 28 April 2011.”
    Eligibility for Turkish citizenshipWork permit holders through residence are eligible for applying Turkish citizenship, when all of the other requirements are met.Work permit holders through Temporary Protection are not eligible for applying Turkish citizenship.
    ResidenceThe work permit serves as a residence permit.A work permit obtained through Temporary Protection status does not serve as a residence permit because Temporary Protection is a provisional measure.
    Domestic and International TravelA work permit holder with residence status is free to travel within Turkey and internationally to and from Turkey. People who have been granted a work permit through their residence permits do not need to have a visa to re-enter Turkey when they travel.People with work permits through Temporary Protection status must obtain permission from DGMM to travel to another city within Turkey and abroad, even if the travel is for work purposes. Upon leaving Turkey, the Temporary Protection card must be surrendered to the Directorate General of Migration Management (“DGMM”).
    Employment QuotasUp to twenty percent of foreign workers in a company in Turkey are permitted to be foreign workers.Up to ten percent of workers in a company are permitted to work through Temporary Protection status. Associations and NGOs may be exempted from this requirement.
    Job locationForeigners with residence permits are eligible to apply for a work permit in any city in Turkey, regardless of whether it is the city where their residency permit is issued.People registered under Temporary Protection are permitted to apply for a work permit only in the same city where they are registered under Temporary Protection status.
    Application TimeframeForeigners with residency permits may apply for a work permit at any time.People with Temporary Protection status must be registered under Temporary Protection for a period of six months prior to applying for a work permit.
    Duration and RenewalWork permits for those with residence are initially issued for up to one year (depending on the duration of the employment contract), renewed a second time for up to two years, and renewed a third time for up to three years. After this, a work permit with unlimited duration may be granted.Work permits for those with Temporary Protection status are issued and renewed on a yearly basis, also depending on the duration of the employment contract.
    Equivalency of DiplomasFor work permit holders through residence, university diplomas must be certified equivalent by the Turkish Council of Higher Education for all jobs that require a university education.Education and health personnel with work permits granted through Temporary Protection status, are not required to have their university diplomas ruled equivalent. Preliminary permission from the relevant ministry before applying for a work permit is enough.
    Seasonal workResidence permit holders should seek work permits even for seasonal husbandry and agricultural jobs.Seasonal husbandry and agricultural jobs are exempted from work permit, however, an authorization from the Governor’s Office is needed.